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Archive for April, 2009

REDD from an integrated perspective: Considering overall climate change mitigation, biodiversity conservation and equity issues Lars Schmidt, Bonn, April 2009. Discussion Paper 4/2009, Deutsches Institut für Entwicklungspolitik, ISBN 978-3-88985-452-0

REDD-DIEThe discussion paper assesses selected options currently “on the table” in the international debate and the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) negotiations on Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation in Developing Countries (REDD). REDD design options are analyzed with regard to their implications for overall climate change mitigation, biodiversity conservation and equity issues.

First of all, it is found that for REDD to be successful it will not be sufficient simply to put a price on forest carbon. Instead, to permanently reduce and stop global deforestation, REDD needs to trigger a change in our dominant human development model, which will require policy reforms and enforcement to prevent markets from driving deforestation. Among other things, this needs to be reflected in the design of a REDD mechanism, which must i) pay heed to the complex task of reducing deforestation, allowing for a flexible, country-specific approach, to ensure broad participation to tackle deforestation on a global scale; ii) address deforestation by integrating REDD into overall development planning, to achieve lasting results and maximize synergies with other development goals; and iii) be consistent with the overall mitigation effort to prevent dangerous climate change.

Major concerns, which have also been observed during REDD workshops and UNFCCC side events1, include… “Land Grabbing”: In countries where land titles are vague or where indigenous
territories are not properly demarcated, forest land could be seized illegally by other parties to reap the monetary benefits from REDD. – Lars Schmidt, Deutsches Institut für Entwicklungspolitik

The design of transfer systems at both the international and national level is key to enabling countries to permanently reduce deforestation and forest degradation. Schmidt argues that the Tropical Deforestation Emission Reduction Mechanism (TDERM) Triptych or the Forest Carbon Partnership Facility, the latter complemented by the UN REDD Programme, could be used as a transitional international transfer system for REDD funds in the period 2013–2020. Given their comprehensive international approach to tackling deforestation, he says both can be expected to perform better concerning active consideration of human, and especially indigenous people’s rights, and delivery of benefits other than carbon retention.

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Dialogue on REDD Finance Mechanisms The Forests Dialogue’s consensus-based Statement on Forests and Climate Change

beyond reddBeginning in December 2007, The Forests Dialogue (TFD) has led a multi-stakeholder dialogue process focused on developing a clear, unified message and common set of principles illustrating the factors and conditions necessary to maximize forests and people’s ability to mitigate and adapt to climate change. The initiative has involved more than 275 diverse leaders representing all stakeholder groups from around the world. The Forests Dialogue on REDD Finance Mechanisms was held in New York from 25-26 April 2009. A summary report was prepared by the co-Chairs Jan McAlpine (UNFF-S) and James Griffiths (WBCSD) with Stewart Maginnis (IUCN).

The concerns of Indigenous Peoples were highlighted with respect to the extent to which their interests will be represented in the Copenhagen negotiations and in subsequent implementation of post-2012 REDD arrangements. Whether and how REDD finance mechanisms could i) adequately
address conflicts between de jure and de facto traditional land tenure arrangements and ii) accommodate the principle of Free, Prior and Informed Consent (FPIC) were two elements that were highlighted as being of particular concern. Dialogue participants noted the importance of acknowledging and addressing these issues within any REDD financing arrangement.

Concern was also voiced by some groups with respect to the prospect of ensuring fair distribution of REDD payments. It was brought to the meeting’s attention that the majority of forest communities live in situations where at least some of their rights to benefit from forest land and resources are contested. It was also highlighted that the interests of these groups have to be taken into account not only for ethical reasons but also to avoid the types of future conflict that could jeopardize the potential contribution of forests to stabilizing atmospheric concentrations of greenhouse gases (GHGs).

“Perhaps the most resounding consensus reached in New York was the importance, from a climate mitigation perspective, of ensuring that REDD plus is properly integrated into post-2012 arrangements and the value of ensuring such measures are harmonized with policy frameworks that promote Sustainable Forest Management … [This] presents an opportunity to advance forest-related consultation and decision-making processes to include key stakeholder groups, with particular emphasis on forest rights-holders (i.e. Indigenous Peoples, Forest Communities, individual family forest owners & small-holders as well as other categories of land-owners).” — Co-Chairs Report, Dialogue on REDD Finance Mechanisms

TFD has also produced a comprehensive consensus Statement on Forests and Climate Change titled “Beyond REDD: the Role of Forests in Climate Change” that includes significant references to indigenous peoples’ rights, and lays out 5 guiding principles and over 100 suggested actions for stakeholders including government climate negotiators. This document also includes 5 Briefing Notes.

Download the 58 page Beyond REDD: the Role of Forests in Climate Change report [pdf]… or Review the meeting materials [website]…

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